Multimedia Resources

The sources for information used throughout the site can be found in the Building Trust Multimedia Resource database. Additional resources that contribute to the understanding of the topic have also been included in the resource database.

You can search resources by TOPIC, MEDIA or both. For easy understanding, Media Types are represented by one of the six icons to the right.

Media Types
Report/Fact Sheet

Your search found 95 results.

HHS Action Plan to Reduce Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities

This document provides a brief overview of racial and ethnic health disparities and unveils a Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) Action Plan to reduce Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities ("HHS Disparities Action Plan"). 

Improving Informed Consent with Minority Participants: Results of Researcher and Community Surveys

The article investigates the disconnect between 1) the methods researchers use during informed consent and 2) what African American and Latino community members want during the process. The analysis is based on the results from two U.S....

Jerome Bettis and Research

Jerome Bettis, former NFL player for the St. Louis Rams and the Pittsburgh Steelers, talks about how medical research helped him control his asthma so that he could continue to play football. He  emphasizes the importance of building trust between...

King County Healthy Homes Project, Seattle, WA

Seattle Partners for Healthy Communities (Seattle Partners) was established in 1995 as a CDC-funded Urban Research Center. This was a multidisciplinary collaboration of community agencies, community activists, public health professionals,...

Learn about Cancer Clinical Trials

This website from the Coalition of Cancer Cooperative Groups explains the truth behind some common myths associated with cancer clinical trials.

Learn about Clinical Studies

This website from the NIH provides an overview of what clinical studies are.


Research Terms to Know

Below is a glossary of terms that are helpful to know and understand when discussing medical research participation.

Download Glossary (PDF)

A-D | E-H | I-L | M-Z

Blinded Study

A study design in which the participants (single-blinded) or participants and investigators (double-blinded) do not know which participants have been assigned to which treatment or intervention.

Clinical Trial

A research study designed to determine the safety and effectiveness of a new medical (drug, medical device or procedure) or behavioral (diet, physical activity, therapy, etc.) intervention.


The assurance that the information provided by a participant in a study will be protected and will not be shared with others except as stated during the original consent process or with participant permission.

Control Group

In some research, it is the group that does not receive any treatment or intervention in order to compare to the group who does receive treatment.


The study of health and disease in defined populations. Major areas of epidemiological study include causes, patterns, and effects of disease and health.

Exclusion Criteria

A list of conditions that make an individual unable to participate in a research study. Examples include: participants must not have taken drug XX in the past three months; participants must not have smoked tobacco in the past six months; participants must not have any allergies.

Focus Group

A small group of people who are asked to share, usually through answering questions and open discussion, their opinions, attitudes, beliefs, and perceptions on a specific topic.

Health Disparity

A particular type of health difference that is closely linked with social, economic, and/or environmental disadvantage. Health disparities adversely affect groups of people who have systematically experienced greater obstacles to health based on their racial or ethnic group; religion; socioeconomic status; gender; age; mental health; cognitive, sensory, or physical disability; sexual orientation or gender identity; geographic location; or other characteristics historically linked to discrimination or exclusion (Source: Healthy People 2020)

Health Research

An investigation done to learn more about human health and to find ways to improve heath and prevent and treat human illness and disease. Also referred to as Clinical Research or Medical Research.

HIPAA Privacy Rule

The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act. A Federal protection that regulates how health care providers, groups, and organizations handle individually identifiable protected health information.

Human Subject

A living person who becomes a participant in a research study. This individual is the object of study in the research project. Also referred to as Human Participant. 


A payment or reward given to individuals who join, or remain in, a research study. Incentives are designed to motivate or encourage people to join a particular study.

Inclusion Criteria

A list of requirements that must be met by all study participants. Inclusion criteria determine whether or not an individual is eligible to participate. Examples include: participants must be within 18-24 years of age; participants must be female; participants must have a specific health condition being studied (such as asthma or cancer).

Informed Consent

The process in which researchers communicate information about a study to potential participants. Information delivered during this process includes, but is not limited to, the purpose of the study, the risks and benefits, and that participation is voluntary and can be discontinued at any time.

Institutional Review Board (IRB)

An independent group of researchers, non-researchers, and community members that reviews, approves, and monitors each research study that is conducted at an institution to ensure that the rights and safety of participants are protected. The IRB has the right to reject or discontinue any study that does not comply with federal, state, and institutional regulations.


A procedure, action, drug, device, or other behavioral or medical process that is being tested in a research trial.


Relating to something that does not treat, cure, or heal.


A pill, liquid, powder, or other intervention that does not contain any active ingredients. It is made to be indistinguishable from the active intervention.


The larger group of people of interest in a particular study. Examples include: adolescents (aged 13-16), African American males over 65, adults who suffer from a particular condition or disease. 


The process by which participants in a research study are assigned to a treatment or intervention by chance.


This is the subset of the population who are asked to participate in the study. An example is: 500 men aged 18 or over, who have diabetes.  In this case, the sample of 500 will represent the overall population of interest, adult men with diabetes. 

Side Effect

A secondary, or non-intended, effect of a drug or treatment. Side effects are usually negative or bad.

Social Determinants of Health

Circumstances or situations in which people live that impact their health. These circumstances include, but are not limited to, where people live, work, their educational system, and access to health care.

Social Justice

The idea that all people within a society should equally share in the benefits of that society, and that all people should be able to participate fully in the economic, social, and cultural life of the society.

Social Science

The study of society and human behaviors. Major areas of social science study include: anthropology, archaeology, sociology, economics, history, linguistics, and geography, among others.


Any person, group, or organization that has an interest in, or may be affected by, a project.

Survey Research (or Survey)

A type of research which is used to assess thoughts, attitudes, opinions, and beliefs and involves a set of questions given to a sample of a population.